The Canadian visa system has various programs which are designed for specific groups of individuals. The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) is one such program specifically made for foreign professionals in the fields of healthcare, engineering, technical careers, and more. The FSWP uses a points system to help determine if a foreign worker qualifies. The professionals who apply are required to be skilled, with work experience in the qualifying occupation. The work experience should be at least one year in the past ten years, in a full-time paid job that is in the individual’s field of specialty. In addition to work experience, points are given for education, age, language skills in English or French, a valid job offer from a Canadian company and the adaptability of the individual. The minimum required score is 67 points out of 100 points possible.
With 67 points and above, the applicant can apply for Express Entry to Canada along with their family. Applicants approved for Canadian immigration through the FSWP are allowed to work, study and live in Canada, receive free health care as well as many other benefits.
To qualify for the FSWP, the candidate must be a skilled foreign professional with at least 1-year of full time paid experience during the last 10 years in an occupation categorized as Skill Level 0, Skill Level 1, Skill Level 2 or Skill Level 3 under the 2021 Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC).
The NOC classifies Canadian jobs into the following categories:
In the Canadian NOC, management jobs are classified as Skill Level 0. These include various types of management jobs, such as engineering managers, managers of construction, financial managers, managers in human resources, manufacturing managers, telecommunication managers, marketing managers, transportation managers, utilities managers as well as managerial jobs in many other careers.
In Canada’s NOC, professional jobs are classified as Skill Level 1. These Canadian jobs usually require a degree from the university. Examples of professional jobs include: accountants, architects, aerospace engineers, audiologists, dentists, computer programmers, financial analysts, electrical engineers, mathematicians, geoscientists, mechanical engineers, oceanographers, occupational therapists, petroleum engineers, optometrists, pharmacists, psychologists, physicians, registered nurses, software engineers, veterinarians, secondary school teachers, university professors – among many others!
In the NOC, these Canadian jobs are classified as Skill Level 2 or Skill Level 3. Technical jobs and skilled trades in Canada usually require training beyond the standard secondary school education. The jobs in this category include various technical occupations and skilled trades. Examples of technical jobs and skilled trades include: mechanics of aircraft, bakers, carpenters, butchers, chefs, electricians, crane operators, glaziers, machinists, operators of heavy-duty equipment as well as mechanics of heavy-duty equipment, operators of logging machinery, technicians of medical laboratories, plumbers, gas and oil well drillers, operators of power systems, welders, and many other skilled trades and technical occupations.
Foreign skilled workers who apply for the FSWP must obtain at least 67/100 points. The points can be received for six factors, with the following allocations:
The applicant must have proper documentation as proof that they and their partner/spouse have met all the criteria required by the FSWP.
One example is the score from a language evaluation examination, which should not be more than two years old. Authorized language evaluation examinations include the IELTS and TEF exams. These tests appropriately demonstrate skills necessary for writing, reading, speaking and good comprehension of the English and/or the French language(s).
Skilled foreign workers who apply may be required to obtain an Education Credential Assessment to determine if their educational credentials received outside of Canada are similar to Canadian educational credentials.
There must be a certification of good health and good moral character, usually given by a licensed physician and the police, respectively. This is required for all the applicants as well as the family members who desire to accompany the applicants (family members under 18 years of age do not need police certifications).
Furthermore, skilled foreign workers will need to show proof of adequate funds. This demonstrates the ability to support oneself as well as the accompanying family immigrating to Canada with them.
There are different types of fees that all applying foreign skilled workers are required to pay at various stages of the FSWP Canadian immigration process.
To begin with, the application fee is paid after the applicant receives the Invitation to Apply, known as the ITA.
If Express Entry is approved, then the applicant is required to pay the Right of Permanent Residence Fee as well as the fee for the Permanent Residence Card.The Permanent Residence Card is an official form of identification and proof of permanent resident status in Canada.
Other fees may include payment for the IELTS (English language evaluation examination) or the TEF (French language evaluation examination), medical examination, police certification of good moral character, as well as the ECA.
The fees noted here are just summaries of the general fees required during the Canadian immigration process. They may be updated at any time, without prior announcements.
To apply for Canadian immigration via the FSWP, foreign skilled workers are required to begin by filing an Express Entry profile (this is done online).
Requirements for the Express Entry profile usually include satisfactory scores on the IELTS or TEF exam, and a favorable Education Credential Assessment.
Following the completion of the profile, it will be viewed by an official from the Canadian immigration agency. Applicants who have satisfied the FSWP requirements will be included in a pool of candidates. Applicants may be selected for Canadian visa application invitations if they:
After the issuance of the ITA, applicants have a 60-day window to file their Canadian Visa Application, pay the application fee, and provide the supporting documents to the Canadian immigration agency.
Most applicants receive an approval or a rejection within 6 months or less after the submission of the Canadian Visa Application.
Thereafter, a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) will be provided to the applicant and his or her family members, and the valid passports will be stamped with a Canadian visa for permanent residence. The applicant will be required to pay for a Permanent Residence Card, which serves as an immigrant’s identification in Canada.
To learn if you and your family qualify for Canadian immigration